Moving to Melbourne
Finally, a city where books never get old. The number of local libraries, publishing houses and literary events continue to climb till this day. Melbourne, the capital of the Victoria state, also offers strong education, economy, and well, coffee.
Melbourne is Australia’s second-largest city and is considered to be Australia’s cultural focal point. A wide variety of arts festivals and activities can be found in Melbourne, and the city itself was recognised to be a UNESCO City of Literature in 2008. Aside from the arts, Melbourne is also known for its success in tourism, sports, finance and manufacturing sectors. Although Melbourne was ranked as the third most expensive city in the world by the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) in 2013, expatriates who relocate to Melbourne will find an exceptional quality of life coupled with warm weather and easy access to several beaches.
The city of Melbourne was founded on the Yarra River in 1835 after English farmer John Batman purchased 600,000 acres of land from eight Aboriginal elder chiefs. The area was named Melbourne after William Lamb Viscount Melbourne, who was the British prime minister at the time. A settlement was established near the river which grew into a town and a legal port. Some merchants, traders and bankers established themselves in the city, and by 1838, a number of buildings were built, and four banks had opened. Despite the developments, Melbourne possessed a relatively rural economy until the 1850s, when gold was found to be abundant. The discovery of gold drove many immigrants from around the world to the city, with some Chinese, Italians, Greeks and Vietnamese making up the majority of immigrants at the time.
Today, Melbourne is considered to be one of the most multicultural cities in the world and an international centre for culture. According to the population clock of the Australian Bureau of Statistics, Melbourne is estimated to have a population of 4,246,345 people.
"People here are nice but racist. I’m white European but the things I hear all the time over here are sometimes unacceptable."- Stano Murin, Expat in Melbourne, Australia
Melbourne is home to people from over 180 countries, and 233 languages and dialects are spoken within the city, although Australian English is the main language spoken in the country. Two-thirds (68%) of Melbourne residents speak only English at home while Italian is the second most common language (4.0%) with Greek (3.8%) and Chinese (3.5%) being the third and fourth most commonly spoken languages in Melbourne, respectively. Regarding ethnic groups, Melbourne holds a diverse and multi-ethnic population. It holds the second-largest Asian population in Australia and the largest Greek-speaking population outside Europe. Other countries where most immigrants come from include the United Kingdom, New Zealand, Ireland, Italy, China and India.
Finance and currency
The official currency used in Melbourne is the Australian Dollar, which is abbreviated with the currency symbols of AUD or A$ or $. It is divided into 100 cents, and quantities are listed in 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 dollar notes. Coins come in 5, 10, 20 and 50 cents, along with 1 and 2 dollar coins.
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