Healthcare in Lithuania



The healthcare system in Lithuania was ranked 73th in the World Health Organisation’s survey of health systems worldwide. The Ministry of Health regulates the free state-funded healthcare system, which provides coverage to all Lithuanians and long-term foreign residents.

Emergency care is extended to every individual in Lithuania including foreign visitors, free of charge. Expats may also opt for private healthcare coverage. 

The Lithuanian social insurance system provides sickness and maternity benefit to certain government and private-sector employees. Self-employed individuals may avail of cash benefits and health coverage by paying premiums equivalent to 2.2% - 9% of earnings. The government covers any premium deficit. Sickness and maternity benefits cover ailments, occupational rehabilitation, maternity and paternity care, child care and pregnancy grant. The social insurance system also provides Workers’ Medical Benefits, which include healthcare services and reimbursement of medicines, and Dependents’ Medical Benefits.

Under the Work Injury Benefit or accident insurance, certain government and private-sector employees may avail of Temporary Disability Benefits, Permanent Disability Benefits and Survivor Benefits. The premiums are solely shouldered by the employer, thus self-employed individuals are excluded. There are no minimum qualifying periods or occupational diseases for Work Injury Benefits.

The quality of healthcare in Lithuania is relatively low compared to other EU states. Medical facilities are lacking in equipment, supplies and medicines. Nevertheless, medical providers in the country are well-qualified; Lithuanian cardiologists are regarded as the most advanced in the former Soviet Union. State-funded healthcare centres offer outpatient services including general practice, maternity and child care, and dental care. A wide range of specialist services is also available in hospitals and clinics in all major towns and cities across Lithuania.

Fork medicine is part of the Lithuanian culture. Although it is not a recognised treatment option, it is being used in medical studies. Traditional healers use yeast, mushroom, lichens, mosses and lycopodium to cure illnesses that range from contagious diseases to mental disorders. Expats are advised to seek the services of professional healthcare providers if needed.

Lithuania’s top clinics and hospitals are located in the Kaunas, Panevėžys, Šiauliai and the capital city of Vilnius. The largest hospitals in the country include Panevėžys Hospital, Šiauliai Hospital, Hospital of Lithuanian University of Health Sciences Kaunas Clinics, Kaunas Red Cross Hospital, Republican Children's Hospital, Vilnius Red Cross Hospital, and Vilnius University Hospital.

Emergency numbers

In case of emergency, contact the following numbers:

Medical emergency: 112/03

Fire department: 112/01

Police: 112/02


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