What to Expect from the Chinese Lifestyle
While China's phenomenal economic boom has attracted over 200,000 of expats to work, its worsening pollution has kept some at bay in recent days. It is not surprising to see locals with a mask on. The government is also making a concerted effort to boost public hygiene levels.
China is regarded as one of the pillars of civilisation with a rich history that dates back to 221 B.C. Its oriental beauty and reputation as the second most powerful economy in the world continue to lure hundreds of expats from different nationalities and all walks of life. The reign of economic power is shifting to the Far East, and China's economic might is evident.
China is the most crowded country in the world with a total population of 1.370 billion inhabitants. It is divided into five autonomous regions, 22 provinces and four municipalities namely Chongqing, Tianjin, Shanghai and Beijing. Expats who are about to live in one of the major cities should brace themselves for the dense population and the hustle and bustle.
Cushion culture shock with these heads-ups about the Chinese
1. They don’t have the best hygiene
The locals are used to spitting in public spaces and burping out loud, so it is not unusual. Unsurprisingly, the public toilets do not have the best sanitation too. Toilet paper and hand soap are not guaranteed, so always be sure to bring tissues and a sanitizer with you, just in case.
2. Forget all the social apps and sites you know
To control information flow, the Chinese government has put up a “Great Firewall” to block most social of the sites we know. No Facebook? What blasphemy, we know, the world knows. Its citizens themselves have been speaking up for ages but it seems the regulation will only get tighter. To overcome the censorship, a trick that the locals use is to access the platforms through a Virtual Private Network (VPN).
To their defence, China has made sure they make a copy of everything – some netizens have even argued that some are better than the original. Most of the Chinese population are on these platforms. If you are an expat, those are great avenues to network with the local community.
3. Their “last” name comes first
4. Humility is in their nature
It is common courtesy to say no to treats, gifts and compliments. That is their way of being humble. Never take the first rejection too seriously, and always make sure to insist at least one or two times. They will accept it soon enough (unless they really mean it).
"I think Chinese are very nice people, often misunderstood. They can be very passionate and selfless when it comes to their true friends. And since many of them are quite sincere in their intentions, they assume that others are as sincere. "- Varya, Expat in Zhuhai, China
5. Symbols of good and bad luck are taken seriously
The Chinese believe that the colour red and the number ‘8’ brings prosperity. Avoid wearing black to a happy occasion such as weddings, as that is seen as an unlucky colour. Due to the pronunciation likeness to funerals, gifting clocks or watches are strongly frowned upon. You will learn more of these as time passes. While some may sound a tad superstitious, it is important to respect their beliefs.
6. Talking loudly and squeezing are common while commuting
The Chinese have little concept of personal space. During the rush hours, you may often find people trying to squeeze in even when the train or bus is full. People tend to be in a hurry to get ahead so there is seldom any queuing system, too. As they are usually expressive and have thick accents, you will sometimes find the conversations too noisy. Well, get used it.
"Sometimes there can be a culture clash, like when it’s really hot and the teacher will have the AC on. ACs seem to have a bad rep in China, and parents have objected saying that the AC will do everything from giving their children colds to making the boys feet cold and therefore make them infertile, to causing Polio, to breaking the children’s bones."- Zoe Byrne, Expat in China
Bridging language barriers
Mandarin is the official national language of China and is spoken by a majority of its inhabitants. A lot of them speak dialects such as Cantonese too. Though most people in urban cities such as Beijing can speak English, expats should still be armed with some basic Mandarin to help them with their daily interaction with the locals. Putting in extra time and effort in to learn their language sends a powerful message of respect and goodwill to the local people.
Although Mandarin is one of the most difficult languages to learn, practice makes perfect. Before you get confused, take note of two important rules – different intonations (there are four kinds) of the same pronunciation are different words; vowels in Hanyu Pinyin (Chinese words spelt in English alphabets) are pronounced differently.
Here are some conversational phrases to start with:
- Ni Hao – Hello
- Xie Xie – Thank you
- Dui Bu Qi – Sorry
- Zai Jian – Goodbye
- Gong Xi – Congratulations
- Chi – Eat
- Shui – Sleep
- Hui Jia – Go home
- Zuo Gong – Work
- Wo De Ming Zi Shi – My name is..
- Wo Shi Cong – I am from..
- Wo Yao – I want,,,
- Ni Hao Ma – How are you?
- Ni Hui Shuo Ying Yu Ma – Do you speak English?
- Zhe Ge Duo Shao Qian – How much is this?
- Na Li – Where?
- Shen Me – What?
Chinese food like never before
Before we go further, there is one thing you must know about cutleries – the Chinese seldom use forks. Instead, they use chopsticks to pick up their food. You can learn how to use them here, though you are bound to need some practice.
There is also some dining etiquette to take note. For example, do not use chopsticks to point at people or stick them into your food when you are not using. It is considered impolite. When you are drinking with the locals, especially the elders, make the effort to help them refill their cups when their drink is running low.
Take note that the Chinese’s rice wine or “shao jiu” has a high percentage of alcohol (40%) and is very strong. However, many have come to love the slow burn, especially over the winter season! If those are not for you, no worries, you can stick to their wide variety of beers.
Chinese food in western countries are usually not an authentic representation and the selection is probably not even a fraction of what they have in China. So, be prepared to satiate your taste buds with new flavours. The Chinese are fond of handmade food. That means fresh ingredients that are not frozen or processed.
Here are some must-try’s:
- Bao(s) - big, round bread with meat filling inside
- Dumplings – the most famous is “Xiao Long Bao”, which is soup-filled meat dumplings shaped like baos. Be careful to not burst it when you pick it up. The trick is to have an explosion of the soup when you have your first bite.
- Peking duck – Seasoned duck with thin, crispy skin that is originated and most famous in the city of Beijing
- Cong You bing – Scallion pan-fried flatbread
- La Mian – Handmade noodles
- Dong Po Pork – Braised pork belly
- Herbal soups and eggs
- You Tiao – long sticks of dough deep-fried golden that are usually eaten at breakfast with porridge or soy milk
- Dim Sum – Rather than a dish, this is a style of eating. Small portions of several dishes selected by you will be served in steamer baskets or small plates. An excellent way to experience several iconic Chinese delicacies at once!
- Zong Zi – Steamed glutinous rice with different fillings wrapped in bamboo leaves in a triangular shape that is most commonly eaten during the Duan Wu or Dragon Boat festival in June
- Bean Curd – It comes in two forms – savoury (commonly named tofu/doufu) side dish and sweet dessert. There is also a particular street food named Stinky Toufu, which is fermented. Be warned, it lives up to its name and it is truly an acquired taste.
Finding family fun
Expats who want their kids to enjoy their stay in China have the option to bring them to some of the most famous and visited theme parks and recreational places in the country. A never-to-be-missed experience can be found at the Aquaria 21 on Da Du He Road near Ji Sha Jiang Road where a huge aquarium allows kids to behold the magnificence of marine life.
Shanghai's largest green escapade, the Century Park in Pudong, opens from dawn to sundown for kids who just can't get enough of kite-flying, mountain biking or strolling around while marvelling at the skyscrapers that surround it.
Boat rides such as the Huang Pu River Cruise will be great for kids to spend some quiet moments while communing with nature. But when they just can't mellow down, Jin Jiang Amusement Park is the right place as it offers a large expanse of playgrounds and other fun and other entertaining activities for children.
Inside tips for expats
Expats should start looking for an apartment/house a few weeks before arriving in China. Hiring the service of a real estate company is a good option for those who are not fluent in speaking Mandarin. The payment for a broker’s service is usually split in half between the landlord and the tenant, but there are also some agencies that ask the property owners to shoulder 70% of the fee of their real estate agents.
Rental price range:
- One-bedroom apartment (Beijing) - €950 per month
- Three-bedroom apartment (Beijing)- €2,250 per month
There is a lot to know about visas, employment paperwork, job-hunting and business culture – make sure you do your research.
International health insurance helps you get affordable access to English-speaking medical staff and quality private healthcare.
While the cost of living is cheap, always bargain when shopping at street markets!
The education system is extremely stressful and competitive. You may want to consider international schools for your children.
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