Vaccinations in Bulgaria



There are no required vaccinations for entry into Bulgaria but, because some minor health risks exist in this country, precautionary measures are still recommended.

Expats who are relocating to Bulgaria will find it wise to be vaccinated against Hepatitis A, which can be found in contaminated food and water. This could be common in the rural areas and may be related to food handling practices and unsafe water supplies. In the central areas, however, the risk is very small.  

A Hepatitis B vaccine will also help those who are frequently exposed to possibly contaminated blood and human fluid samples such as health care workers. Hepatitis B is transmitted through an exchange of body fluids between two people where one is infected and also through sexual contact with the local population. 

Of course, routine vaccinations such as MMR (mumps/measles/rubella) and DPT (diphtheria/pertussis/tetanus) are also recommended. Adults must get booster shots for these vaccines while children should be updated on their immunization schedule.  

As in any country, vaccine recommendations change every now and then depending on changing health conditions. It is best to consult a travel medicine specialist anywhere from 4-6 weeks before travel so one may get the most needed vaccines at the time of one's travel. Of course, adopting a healthy lifestyle is still the general way to protect oneself from whatever health risks exist in any country.